Men usually lead more active lifestyles than women. Hard work and regular workouts are often accompanied by excessive sweating. This wet environment on the body surface suits perfectly for propagation of harmful microorganisms, triggering yeast infections. You can also easily get infected in public saunas or steam rooms. However, a person-to-person way of infecting stays the most widespread one in this relation. Females in particular get affected by candidiasis quite often. If your sexual partner has it, you may develop it as well. And, on the contrary, you may have no idea you have a penis fungus, but you’ll pass it unknowingly to your significant other. In this article we will focus on yeast infections in men, their kinds, causes, symptoms, treatments and preventive solutions. Since thrush, despite any stereotypes, belongs to common male infections, the following info is something any guy should know. So, let’s better get straight to the point.
Yeast Infection In Men: How Common Is It?
Actually, more common than you’d think, however, many men are unaware they have it, since it lies dormant on the skin of your penis. It probably causes you no symptoms which, by no means, suggests that you can leave it untreated. Fungal infection on penis will sooner or later remind of itself. Besides, you have 2 major risks here:
- Infecting your woman. If your significant other informs you that she has got vaginal candidiasis after sex with you, she might have got it from you, even if you haven’t experienced any symptoms. Yes, dormant yeast infection from your penis can be easily transmitted into vagina.
- Getting an infection into your urethra from an infected female. Once it happens, yeasts travel up and affects prostate or bladder or even kidneys.
So if either you or your sexual partner gets yeast infection, both should undergo treatment.
Male Fungal Infection: Typical Kinds
- Urogenital candidiasis (male thrush, jock itch). Statistics for starters: Among men, attending clinics, one guy out of ten is diagnosed with thrush. Skin thrush develops on skin folds: under arms, in pubic zone, between fingers, between scrotum and anus, at tip of penis. Symptoms are easily detected during regular examination: considerable genital itching, rashes and white coating on penis head (like cottage cheese), painful urination and ejaculation. If you find all these symptoms, visit an urologist. You’ll get trustworthy recommendations and prescriptions for anti-fungal oral medications and topical treatments. Don’t practice self-treatment. You may succeed with symptoms removal, but thrush will reoccur.
- Balanoposthitis. This condition, also caused by Candida yeast, develops when male thrush is neglected. Men experience intense itching and burning along with inflammation, affecting the penis and foreskin. Patients with sugar diabetes and those, who have recently treated other bacterial infections, automatically get into the risk group. Weak immune system, obesity, pituitary disorders may also serve a bad service and promote the infection process. Pay attention: balanoposthitis belongs to highly contagious diseases. If not treated, balanoposthitis leads to complications: erysipelatous inflammation and persistent phimosis, very dangerous conditions, requiring a long-term treatment.
- Pubic dermatophytosis. Another condition of fungal origin may affect men usually in summer when heat is accompanied by high humidity. The symptoms include flaky and itchy spots in the pubic area (not penis and scrotum), which can spread down the inner thighs and towards the anus. If not treated, the affected skin causes much pain.
How Do You Know You Have Got Infected With Penile Fungus?
As it has been already mentioned sometimes men live happily, unaware of any problems, as male yeast infection sometimes develops asymptomatically. Otherwise, male thrush normally settles at the penis head. How does it look? You may have such symptoms as:
- Red spots (rashes), localized at the penis head
- Skin reddening
- Burning sensation
- Irritation and pain during urination
- Discharge with unpleasant odor from penis or coating under the foreskin, resembling cottage cheese
- Painful intercourse
Fungal Infection In Men: Causes Of Male Yeast Infection
- Weak immune system
- Sex with partners, infected by yeast
- Alcohol abuse
- Diet with much sugar foods, corn and wheat products
- Damaged skin
When you use antibiotics, eat unhealthy or consume much alcohol regularly (even if it’s only beer), you disturb a delicate balance between the good and bad bacteria in your body, actually killing many good bacteria in your digestive system, whereas yeast fungi, present outside and inside of your organism as a part of gastrointestinal flora in particular, get favorable conditions for propagation. Constantly abusing your body from inside and weakening immune system, you have more chances to develop male fungal infections.
Penile Candidiasis: Nuances Of Diagnostics
- If you suspect a yeast infection, candidiasis in particular, but aren’t sure about its origin, diagnostics is recommended, since it can detect underlying causes, such as sugar diabetes or bacterial infection.
- If you have been diagnosed with thrush before, another diagnostics is not needed in most cases.
- More profound diagnostics is conducted if a man has severe or complicated and persistent symptoms, in spite of treatment or thrush recurrence.
- Testing is implemented with a cotton tampon. Its goal is to take a sample from the affected area that is studied to reveal any infectious agents, such as Fungi Candida. Penis is not the only object for diagnostics. You may also have a blood test if there’s a suspicion for diseases, triggering thrush.
Candidiasis On Penis: How To Treat?
- Antifungal ointments & creams. Topical over-the-counter treatments eliminate symptoms & prevent thrush recurrence if used properly. Some anti-fungal creams cause mild (not intense) burning.
- Oral medications. Doctors often prescribe such anti-fungal medications as fluconazole or clotrimazole.
- Natural remedies. You can try natural yogurt applications.
- Hygiene. Wash the affected areas thoroughly with warm water. Opt for showers, not baths. Avoid washing penis with fragrant shower gels and soaps. They do irritate skin. After washing make sure you’ve dried yourself well, since yeast infections love moisture. Loose cotton underwear keeps your skin dry and cool, preventing male thrush.
Recurrent Thrush In Men
Healthy men may not be afraid of thrush. If it still occurs, you can easily conquer it with an over-the-counter cream or ointment. If thrush reoccurs and you discover well-known symptoms again, the previous treatment might have been insufficient. When men don’t follow all the treatment instructions and reduce the duration of treatment, yeast infections have all chances for recurrence.
Your sexual partner may also infect you again and again, since fungi often live inside the vagina. When one of you gets infected, both should undergo treatment or you’ll keep passing yeast to each other.
Male Thrush: Prevention
Following these simple rules, you will avoid many embarrassing moments, associated with yeast infection in men:
- Keep you genital area clean.
- Avoid excessive moisture: wipe penis after urinating and don’t wear wet underwear/swimwear.
- Take a shower after workouts. Shy away from fragrant shower gels and soaps. Don’t share your bath items with anyone else.
- In case of vaginal yeast infection in your sexual partner, use a condom.
- Review your diet and limit sweets & alcohol.
If fungal infection on penis happens in your life for the first time, don’t panic, it’s not something too serious, however, it may point to another more serious infection, diabetes or something else. Besides, you can easily transmit thrush to your sexual partner. So, it’s much better to treat it right away with anti-fungal creams and oral medications or later you’ll have to handle its recurrence and other complications.